Wednesday, December 21, 2011
Wednesday, November 30, 2011
Monday, November 7, 2011
Meditation refers to any form of a family of practices in which practitioners train their minds or self-induce a mode of consciousness to realize some benefit.
Meditation is generally an inwardly oriented, personal practice, which individuals can do by themselves. Prayer beads or other ritual objects may be used during meditation. Meditation may involve invoking or cultivating a feeling or internal state, such as compassion, or attending to a specific focal point. The term can refer to the state itself, as well as to practices or techniques employed to cultivate the state.
There are dozens of specific styles of meditation practice; the word meditation may carry different meanings in different contexts. Meditation has been practiced since antiquity as a component of numerous religious traditions.
Since the 1960s, meditation has been the focus of increasing scientific research of uneven rigor and quality. In over 1,000 published research studies, various methods of meditation have been linked to changes in metabolism, blood pressure, brain activation, and other bodily processes. Meditation has been used in clinical settings as a method of stress and pain reduction.
Attribution from Wikipedia
Friday, July 15, 2011
There is a joy in listening to wonderful songs,
those that touch a heart and Soul,
There is a joy walking in the park
and hearing songs of the birds.
There is a joy watching the stream flowing,
and the sound that is so consoling.
There is that joy in simplicity of life,
a joy that brings a smile on someone’s face.
There is so much joy watching children at play,
all of that and more can be seen every day,
and such simplicity of life are the wonders
that the Lord bestowed Upon his followers
enjoy life journey with His Majesty beside you.
July 15 - 2011
By Zuzanna Musial
Poetry From The Starlite Cafe: Life Journey
Monday, June 20, 2011
For my dear friend ZuZanna, who put the idea of this song in my head
I've never seen you looking so lovely as you did tonight
I've never seen you shine so bright
I've never seen so many men ask you if you wanted to dance
They're looking for a little romance, given half a chance
I have never seen that dress you're wearing
Or the highlights in your hair that catch your eyes I have been blind
The lady in red is dancing with me cheek to cheek
There's nobody here, it's just you and me, It's where I wanna be
But I hardly know this beauty by my side
I'll never forget, the way you look tonight
I've never seen you looking so gorgeous as you did tonight
I've never seen you shine so bright you were amazing
I've never seen so many people want to be there by your side
And when you turned to me and smiled, It took my breath away
I have never had such a feeling
Such a feeling of complete and utter love, as I do tonight
The lady in red is dancing with me cheek to cheek
There's nobody there, it's just you and me, It's where I wanna be
But I hardly know this beauty by my side
I'll never forget, the way you look tonight
I never will forget the way you look tonight
Song by Terry Clary
Sunday, June 19, 2011
May the day be as good?
as the Lord wanted to be.
May you keep happiness?
and love in your heart.
May all your worries leave you?
and that you sleep well at night.
May you feel the presence?
of Angels around you?
May the sun shines upon you?
and love always surrounds you.
May you always have?
a good word from others?
May the kindness and care
returns to you in ten folds.
These are my wishes for you,
for every day, God bless you.
June 20 – 2011
By Zuzanna Musial
© 2011 Zuzanna Musial(All rights reserved)
Monday, June 13, 2011
An Edmonton man has created an iPhone application that he hopes will help prevent people from falling victim to scams. Sorin Mihailovici says his app, Scam Detector, reveals in detail over 350 of the most common scams world-wide.
He says he wanted to create something that would help educate people about entering into deals with people who are looking to take advantage. “The advancement in technology makes it so easy to get sucked into a scam,” he said. “Every second day I get phone calls from telemarketers. I’m sure they’re nice people, but some are scams.”
Mihailovici says the idea for the app was spawned from his movie 419: The Nigerian Scam, which he created as a final project for the Motion Image program at Grant MacEwan in 2008. The film was a dramatization based on true events, after his close friend lost his life savings to the Nigerian Scam. Surprisingly, he says, the film took off and garnered more than a million views on his website. He says since the film’s launch, he’s gotten emails from people all over the world.
“With the advancement of technology, some of the emails were inquiring if there was an app to tell people about scams.” he said. Mihailovici says he is no computer expert and had no clue on how to build an application. It was hard, I bought seven or eight books and I started to teach myself, he says. He says he separated scams into nine categories, including auto, telephone, travel and Internet. Users can navigate the menu to learn about various scams or they can search key words to find information on a specific fraud.
The Pro version of the application, will cost users $1.99US -- but it will give them access to information on over 350 scams. A Lite version will also be available for free, but will list fewer descriptions. Mihailovici, who works as Community Liason for OMNI Television, says at this point he doesn’t have any plans for further applications. “I didn’t make it to be a millionaire,” he says. “But who knows, everything changes so fast. Maybe I could make another one, depending on the success of this one.” The application will be available in the Apple App Store Tuesday. Versions of the application for Android and the iPad are expected to be released in the coming weeks.
Friday, June 3, 2011
Thursday, April 28, 2011
★ Dr. Zivago Somewhere My Love ★
St. Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia after its capital - Moscow, with the population of about 6 million people. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Our guests who left for Paris right after having visited St. Petersburg, and spent several days there on the banks of the Seine, witnessed that they found the city on the Neva river more amazing, more beautiful, and more impressive than Paris. Our city was founded by Tsar Peter the Great (ruled 1682 -1725) in 1703 and from 1712 became the new capital of Russia. It had this status up until 1918 when the capital was brought back to Moscow.
This city witnessed many important historical events. In fact, the whole history of the Russian Empire lies here on the banks of the Neva River. Russia became a European empire at the beginning of the 18th century; in fact, Peter the Great was the first Russian emperor. It was the era of vast changes in our country, and Peter was the greatest reformer ever. A more detailed account of what he did for Russia will be given to you during our tour.
Almost all the emperors starting with Peter himself are buried in St. Peter and Paul's Cathedral that is situated on the territory of Peter and Paul's Fortress which is the birthplace of our city. The gilded spire of the cathedral with a three meter high angel on top is one of the symbols of our city.
The country could not develop without it that is why in 1700 Peter entered this war that lasted for 21 years and was ended in 1721 with a total victory of Russia. To protect the newly regained lands Peter and Paul's Fortress was founded on a little Hare's Island. The fortress developed into a city under the rule of the Romanovs - the ruling dynasty in Russia from Peter's grandfather Mikhail until the last Russian emperor Nicholas II.
The Winter Palace is one of the most splendid buildings in St. Petersburg. Almost all the Romanovs starting from Catherine the Great resided there. The palace had hundreds of rooms; many of them were State Halls the interiors of which are preserved till the present days and open to visitors.
Thursday, April 14, 2011
God bless you at Easter
God bless you at Easter
and keep you all year through.
God give you all the faith it takes
to make your dreams come true.
May His love and wisdom always help?
To guide you on your way,
And His light shines down upon you now
To bless your Easter Day~
- Author Unknown
The Easter feeling does not end today
It brings a new life,
And a new friendships
May all the joys and happiness
Of this glorious season
be yours forever?
May you be renewed?
in the promise of the Lord
April 14 - 2011
By Zuzanna Musial
Friday, March 25, 2011
A fantasy world is a fictional universe used in fantasy novels and games. Typical worlds involve magic or magical abilities and often, but not always, either a medieval or futuristic theme. Some worlds may be a parallel world tenuously connected to Earth via magical portals or items; a fictional Earth set in the remote past or future; or an entirely independent world set in another universe. Many fantasy worlds draw heavily on real world history, geography and sociology, and also on mythology and folklore.
The setting of a fantasy work is often of great importance to the plot and characters of the story. The setting itself can be imperiled by the evil of the story, suffer a calamity, and be restored by the transformation the story brings about. Stories that use the setting as merely a backdrop for the story have been criticized for their failure to use it fully. Even when the land itself is not in danger, it is often used symbolically, for thematic purposes, and to underscore moods.
Fantasy worlds created through a process called world building are known as a constructed world. Constructed worlds elaborate and make self-consistent the setting of a fantasy work. World building relies on materials and concepts taken from the real world.
Despite the use of magic or other fantastic elements such as dragons, the world is normally presented as one that would function normally, one in which people could actually live, making economic, historical, and ecological sense. It is considered a flaw to have, for example, pirates living in lands far from trade routes, or to assign prices for a night's stay in an inn that would equate to several years' income for a farmer.
Furthermore, the fantastic elements should ideally operate according to self-consistent rules of their own; for example, if wizards' spells sap their strength, a wizard who does not appear to suffer this must either be putting up a facade, or have an alternative explanation. This distinguishes fantasy worlds from surrealism and even from such dream worlds such as are found in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass.
@ Attribution from Wikipedia
Wednesday, March 16, 2011
History of St.Patrick's Day
St Patrick is known as the patron saint of Ireland. True, he was not a born Irish. But he has become an integral part of the Irish heritage, mostly through his service across Ireland of the 5th century.
Patrick was born in the later half of the 4th century AD. There are differing views about the exact year and place of his birth. According to one school of opinion, he was born about 390 A.D., while the other school says it is about 373 AD. Again, his birth place is said to be in either Scotland or Roman England. His real name was probably Maewyn Succat. Though Patricius was his Romanicized name, he was later come to be familiar as Patrick.
Patrick was the son of Calpurnius, a Roman-British army officer. He was growing up as naturally as other kids in Britain. However, one day a band of pirates landed in south Wales and kidnapped this boy along with many others. Then they sold him into slavery in Ireland, was there for 6 years, mostly imprisoned. This was when changes came to him. He dreamed of having seen God. Legend says, he was then dictated by God to escape with a getaway ship.
Finally, he did escape and went to Britain. And then to France. There he joined a monastery and studied under St. Germaine, the bishop of Auxerre. He spent around 12 years in training. And when he became a bishop he dreamed that the Irish were calling him back to Ireland to tell them about God. The Confessio, Patrick's spiritual autobiography, is the most important document regarding this. It tells of a dream after his return to Britain, in which one Victorious delivered him a letter, headed "The Voice of the Irish."
So he set out for Ireland with the Pope's blessings. There he converted the Gaelic Irish, who were then mostly Pagans, to Christianity. He was confident in the Lord, he journeyed far and wide, baptizing and confirming with untiring zeal. And, in a diplomatic fashion he brought gifts to a kinglet here and a lawgiver there, but accepted none from any.
Indeed, Patrick was quite successful at winning converts. Through active preaching, he made important converts even among the royal families. And this fact upset the Celtic Druids. Patrick was arrested several times, but escaped each time. For 20 years he had traveled throughout Ireland, establishing monasteries across the country. He also set up schools and churches which would aid him in his conversion. He developed a native clergy, fostered the growth of monasticism, established dioceses, and held church councils.
Patrick's doctrine is considered orthodox and has been interpreted as anti-Pelagian. Although he is not particularly noted as a man of learning, a few of his writings remain extant: his Confession, a reply to his detractors, and several letters. The Lorica ("Breastplate"), a famous hymn attributed to Patrick, may date to a later period. By the end of the 7th century Patrick had become a legendary figure, and the legends have continued to grow since then. There are many legends associated with St Patrick. It is said that he used the three-leafed shamrock to explain the concept of the Trinity; which refers to the combination of Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit. Hence its strong association with his day and name Legend also has that; Saint Patrick had put the curse of God on venomous snakes in Ireland. And he drove all the snakes into the sea where they drowned.
True, these are mostly legends. But, after some 1500 years, these legends have been inseparably combined with the facts. And together they have helped us know much about the Saint and the spirit behind celebration of the day. Patrick's mission in Ireland lasted for over 20 years. He died on March 17, AD 461. That day has been commemorated as St. Patrick's Day ever since. The day's spirit is to celebrate the universal baptization of Ireland. Though originally a Catholic holy day, St. Patrick's Day has evolved into more of a secular holiday. Or, rather, 'be an Irish Day '. And the Irish has borne it as part of their national tradition in everywhere they populated and prospered. The Catholic feast day for this most loved of Irish saints has become a holiday in celebration of the Irish and Irish culture. The leprechaun, a Celtic fairy, has become entrenched as a chief symbol for this holiday, as is the shamrock, an ancient symbol for the triple goddess Brigit. It is fitting that this holiday should fall at the time of the year when the return of spring begins to seem at hand. But why the icons like the green color, the tri-leafed shamrock, the leprechaun, or the pot of gold and Blarney's stone- all came to be associated with the celebration of this Day? And what do they all mean?
Thursday, March 10, 2011
The Origins of Swan Lake
"Jezioro łabędzie" to historia kobiety zaklętej w łabędzia oraz młodego, dorastającego mężczyzny.
This most revered of classical ballets did not appear in a blaze of glory, and even the exact origins of the ballet are uncertain. The Petipa/Ivanov version of Swan Lake that we consider the "standard" today was in fact created after Tchaikovsky’s death and was greatly altered from the original concept. Many of the features of Swan Lake that we believe to be from the original production (e.g. the White Swan pas de deux) were the result of revisions after the Petipa/Ivanov version. There is surprisingly little that was written down during the creation of the music or choreography. All we have to go on are personal recollections and memoirs that were written a long time after the event and thus subject to some skepticism and much debate among scholars.
It is known that Tchaikovsky was commissioned by Vladimir Petrovich Begichev, the intendant of the Russian Imperial Theatres in Moscow and a friend of Tchaikovsky, to write a score for Swan Lake in May 1875 for the sum of 800 roubles. It was Begichev who authored at least the initial programme of the ballet. He, along with Vasily Fedorovich Geltser, a dancer in the Moscow company, are credited with writing the libretto for the ballet, though many contend that Geltser was probably no more than the copyist. The first published libretto of Swan Lake did not correspond exactly to the musical lay out and was probably produced by a staff writer who based it on observations of rehearsals in progress. It is highly likely that Tchaikovsky had a good deal of influence over the story’s development. Legends of swans were presumably familiar to Tchaikovsky and his artistic friends, who no doubt discussed the idea of the swan as a symbol of womanhood at its purest.
Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake was composed in 1875 as a commission by Vladimir Petrovich Begichev, the intendant of the Russian Imperial Theatres in Moscow. The legend of the Swan-Maiden goes back for centuries, appearing in differing forms in both eastern and western literature. Women who turn into birds and vice versa were popular themes, and the swan was particularly favored due to its grace when swimming in the water. The ancient Greeks considered the swan to the bird closest to the Muses. When Apollo was born at Delos, the event was celebrated by flights of circling swans.
Sweet Mikhail Ivanovich the Rover is a Slav tale that begins with Mikhail the Rover who is about to shoot a swan that warns him "Shoot not, else ill-fortune will doom thee for evermore!" On landing the swan turns into a beautiful maiden. When Mikhail tries to kiss her she warns that she is an infidel. However, if he takes her to the holy city of Kiev, then she might be received by the church and thus free to marry him. So they set out. In a similar South German legend a swan speaks to a forester who is about to kill her. The beautiful maiden in this case says that she would be his if he could keep her existence a secret for one year. He fails and thus looses her.
Wednesday, March 9, 2011
History of Monaco
Founded in 1215 as a colony of Genoa, Monaco has been ruled by the House of Grimaldi since 1297, except when under French control from 1789 to 1814. Designated as a protectorate of Sardinia from 1815 until 1860 by the Treaty of Vienna, Monaco's sovereignty was recognized by the Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861. The Prince of Monaco was an absolute ruler until a constitution was promulgated in 1911.
The 1907 Catholic Encyclopedia wrote, "From ancient times until the nineteenth century the port of Monaco was among the most important of the French Mediterranean coast, but now it has lost all commercial significance. Among the notable constructions of the principality are the ancient fortifications, the old ducal palace which contains beautiful frescoes by Annibale Carracci, Orazio Ferrari, and Carlone, the cathedral, built (1884-87) in the Byzantine style, by Prince Albert III, the Casino of Monte Carlo, and the monumental fountain of the public square. Monaco dates from the time of the Phoenicians, who, on the promontory upon which the old town is built, erected a temple to the god Melkarth, called Monoicos, solitary, that is, not connected with the cult of Ashtoreth; whence the town derived its name, which is Moneque, in Provencal.
In the early Middle Ages the neighbouring lords often contended with each other for the possession of this important port, which later was occupied by the Saracens; it was taken from them in the tenth century by Count Grimaldi, in whose family the principality remains to this day. Formerly, it comprised Mentone and Roquebrune. The Grimaldis often had to defend themselves against Spanish or Genoese fleets; the most famous blockade of the town was that of 1506, which failed. In 1619 Prince Honoratus II, with the assistance of the French, drove the Spaniards from Monaco, and since that time the principality has been under the protection of France. During the Revolution, Monaco was annexed to France, but the principality was re-established in 1814. A revolution broke out in 1848 against the misgovernment of Prince Honoratus V, who lost Mentone and Roquebrune, these cities declaring themselves free republics, and (1860) voting for their annexation to France."
In July 1918, a treaty was signed providing for limited French protection over Monaco. The treaty, formally noted in the Treaty of Versailles, established that Monegasque policy would be aligned with French political, military, and economic interests. Prince Rainier III, acceded to the throne following the death of his grandfather, Prince Louis II, in 1949. The current ruler, Prince Albert, was born in 1958 and acceded to the Throne upon the death of his father in April 2005. A new constitution, proclaimed in 1962, abolished capital punishment, provided for female suffrage, and established a Supreme Court to guarantee fundamental liberties. In 1993, Monaco became an official member of the United Nations with full voting rights. The Principality of Monaco is a sovereign and independent state, linked closely to France by the Treaty of July 1918, which was formally noted in Article 436 of the Treaty of Versailles of 1919.
The foreign policy of Monaco is one illustration of this accord: France has agreed to defend the independence and sovereignty of Monaco, while the Monegasque Government has agreed to exercise its sovereign rights in conformity with French interests. Since then, the relations between the sovereign states of France and Monaco have been further defined in the Treaty of 1945 and the Agreement of 1963. Monaco is renegotiating its treaty with France. The revised treaty is expected to enter into force in 2004. It is reported that the terms of the new treaty would assist Monaco in joining the Council of Europe as a full member, and would: 1. Upgrade France's representation in Monaco from Consulate General to that of an embassy; 2. Permit, for the first time, other countries to accredit ambassadors to Monaco; and 3. Formally recognize the succession scheme set out in the 1962 Constitution, which extends eligibility to the Prince's daughters and other family members.
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Friday, February 25, 2011
Fairies are generally described as human in appearance and having magical powers. Their origins are less clear in the folklore, being variously dead, or some form of demon, or a species completely independent of humans or angels. Folklorists have suggested that their actual origin lies in a conquered race living in hiding, or in religious beliefs that lost currency with the advent of Christianity. These explanations are not necessarily incompatible, and they may be traceable to multiple sources.
Much of the folklore about fairies revolves around protection from their malice, by such means as cold iron (iron is like poison to fairies, and they will not go near it) or charms of rowan and herbs, or avoiding offense by shunning locations known to be theirs. In particular, folklore describes how to prevent the fairies from stealing babies and substituting changelings, and abducting older people as well. Many folktales are told of fairies, and they appear as characters in stories from medieval tales of chivalry, to Victorian fairy tales, and up to the present day in modern literature.
Fairies are mythological beings bestowed with magical powers. Usually, they have the appearance of humans. But their real characteristics change together with many tales about them. Although in modern culture they are known as small creatures. They were depicted as tall, radiant and angelic beings.Earth fairies are usually mischievous and like hiding things, but eventually return them to you if you know how to ask for it they also protect the flora of our planet. Air fairies Control the different air currents related to wind, storms, tornadoes, hurricanes, etc. But also the nice warm breezes of summer.
Water fairies Control the water flow of rivers and oceans and help to heal the water bodies as much as possible in light of world pollution. They even turn the water into ice and snow during the winter. Many of the Irish tales of the Tuatha Dé Danann refer to these beings as fairies, though in more ancient times they were regarded as Goddesses and Gods. The Tuatha Dé Danann were spoken of as having come from Islands in the north of the world, or, in other sources, from the sky. After being defeated in a series of battles with other Otherworldly beings, and then by the ancestors of the current Irish people, they were said to have withdrawn to the sídhe (fairy mounds), where they lived on in popular imagination as "fairies."
One common theme found among the Celtic nations describes a race of diminutive people who had been driven into hiding by invading humans. They came to be seen as another race, or possibly spirits, and were believed to live in an Otherworld that was variously described as existing underground, in hidden hills (many of which were ancient burial mounds), or across the Western Sea. In old Celtic fairy lore the sidhe (fairy folk) are immortals living in the ancient barrows and cairns. The Tuatha de Danaan are associated with several Otherworld realms including Mag Mell (the Pleasant Plain), Emain Ablach (the Fortress of Apples or the Land of Promise or the Isle of Women), and the Tir na nÓg (the Land of Youth).
FAIRY: Attribution from Wikipedia
Monday, February 14, 2011
History of a Valentine's Day
LUPERCALIA, a very ancient, possibly pre-Roman, pastoral festival in honour of Lupercus. Its rites were under the superintendence of a corporation of priests called Luperci, whose institution is attributed either to the Arcadian Evander, or to Romulus and Remus. In front of the Porta Romana, on the western side of the Palatine hill, close to the Ficus Ruminalis and the Casa Romuli, was the cave of Lupercus; in it, according to the legend, the she-wolf had suckled the twins, and the bronze wolf, which is still preserved in the Capitol, was placed in it in 296 B.C. But the festival itself, which was held on February 15th, contains no reference to the Romulus legend, which is probably later in origin, though earlier than the grecizing Evander legend. The festival began with the sacrifice by the Luperci (or the flamen dialis) of goats and a dog; after which two of the Luperci were led to the altar, their foreheads were touched with a bloody knife, and the blood wiped off with wool dipped in milk; then the ritual required that the two young men should laugh. The smearing of the forehead with blood probably refers to human sacrifice originally practised at the festival. The sacrificial feast followed, after which the Luperci cut thongs from the skins of the victims and ran in two bands round the walls of the old Palatine city,. the line of which was marked with stones, striking the people who crowded near. A blow from the thong prevented sterility in women. These thongs were called februa, the festival Februatio, and the day dies febraiatus (februare = to purify); hence the name of the month February, the last of the old Roman year. The object of the festival was, by expiation and purification, to secure the fruitfulness of the land, the increase of the flocks and the prosperity of the whole people. The Lupercal (cave of Lupercus), which had fallen into a state of decay, was rebuilt by Augustus; the celebration of the festival had been maintained, as we know from the famous occurrence of it in 44 B.C. It survived until A.D. 494, when it was changed by Gelasius into the feast of the Purification. Lupercus, in whose honour the festival.was held, is identified with Faunus or Inuus, Evander (Eiiavnpos), in the Greek legend being a translation of Faunus (the "kindly"). The Luperci were divided into two collegia, called Quinctiliani (or Quinctiales) and Fabiani, from the gens Quinctilia (or Quinctia) 2 and Fabia; at the head of each of these colleges was a magister. In 44 B.C. a third college, Luperci Julii, was instituted in honour of Julius Caesar, the first magister of which was Mark Antony. In imperial times the members were usually of equestrian standing. See Marquardt, Romische Staatsverwaltung, iii. (1885) p. 438; W. Warde Fowler, Roman Festivals (1899), p. 390, and article in Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (3rd ed. 1891).
Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Edition, 1911
Saturday, February 12, 2011
Special Spiritual and Cultural events so called, "Pow-wow."
A pow-wow (also powwow or pow wow or pau wau) is a gathering of North America's Native people. The word derives from the Narragansett word powwaw, meaning "spiritual leader".
A modern pow-wow is a specific type of event where both Native American and non-Native American people meet to dance, sing, socialize, and honor American Indian culture. There is generally a dancing competition, often with significant prize money awarded. Pow-wows vary in length from one day session of 5 to 6 hours to three days. Major pow-wows or pow-wows called for a special occasion can be up to one week long.
The term also has been used to describe any gathering of Native Americans of any tribe, and as such is occasionally heard in older Western movies. The word has also been used to refer to a meeting, especially a meeting of powerful people such as officers in the military. However, such use can also be viewed as disrespectful to Native culture.
Most of the various types of dances performed at a pow-wow are descended from the dances of the Plains tribes of Canada and the United States. Besides those for the opening and closing of a pow-wow session, the most common is the intertribal, where a drum will sing a song and anyone who wants to can come and dance. Similar dances are the round dance; crow hop when performed by a northern drum or a horse stealing song by a southern drum; there is also "double beat", "sneakup" and, for Women's Traditional and Jingle, "sidestep". Each of these songs have a different step to be used during them, but are open for dancers of any style.
Sunday, February 6, 2011
Pan Tadeusz, the full title in English:
Sir Thaddeus, or the Last Lithuanian Foray: A Nobleman's Tale from the Years of 1811 and 1812 in Twelve Books of Verse (Polish: Pan Tadeusz, czyli ostatni zajazd na Litwie. Historia szlachecka z roku 1811 i 1812 we dwunastu księgach wierszem) is an epic poem by the Polish-Lithuanian poet, writer and philosopher Adam Mickiewicz. The book was first published in June 1834 in Paris, and is considered by many to be the last great epic poem in European literature.
Pan Tadeusz is recognized as the national epic of Poland. It is compulsory reading in Polish schools. A film based on the poem was made in 1999 by Andrzej Wajda.
"Litwo! Ojczyzno moja! ty jesteś jak zdrowie;
Ile cię trzeba cenić, ten tylko się dowie, Kto cię stracił."
Lithuania, my fatherland! You are like health;
How much you must be valued, will only discover
The one who has lost you.
(translation by Katie Busch-Sorensen)
O Lithuania, my country, thou
Art like good health; I never knew till now
How precious, till I lost thee.
(translation by Kenneth R. Mackenzie)
Lithuania, my country! You are as good health:
How much one should prize you, he only can tell
Who has lost you.
(translation by Marcel Weyland)
Oh Lithuania, my fatherland,
you are like health--so valued when lost
beyond recovery; let these words now stand
restoring you, redeeming exile's cost.
(translation by Leonard Kress)
Mickiewicz had been brought up in the culture of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, a multicultural state that had encompassed most of what today are the separate countries of Poland, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine. He is often regarded by Lithuanians to be of Lithuanian origin, while Belorussians proclaim Mickiewicz to be one of them, since he was born on the territory of contemporary Belarus. However, the writings of Mickiewicz are in the Polish language.
Text from Wikipedia
Wednesday, February 2, 2011
Chinese New Year
The Chinese New Year of the Rabbit starts today, 3 February 2011. The year will be 4709 on the Chinese Calendar. Chinese New Year is also known as the Spring Festival.
Chinese New Year is the main Chinese festival of the year and it is not a religious event. We explain some of the traditions and stories linked to this celebration.
As the Chinese use the Lunar calendar for their festivals the date of Chinese New Year changes from year to year. The date corresponds to the new moon (black moon) in either late January or February. Traditionally celebrations last for fifteen days, ending on the date of the full moon. In China the public holiday lasts for three days and this is the biggest celebration of the year.
The Year of the Rabbit
The Chinese calendar is different from that used in the United Kingdom. It is made up of a cycle of twelve years, each of them being named after an animal. This is very like our signs of the zodiac. Some people believe that people born in a particular year such as the year of the Dog will have some of the characteristics of that animal.
Over a sixth of the people in the world celebrate Chinese New Year. Customs vary in different parts of the world, but everywhere the main idea is the same. It is a time to remember the family and wish everyone peace and prosperity in the coming year. Find out more about the customs.
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Saturday, January 22, 2011
The tiger (Panther Tigris),
A member of the Felidae family,
The Tiger is the largest
of the four "big cats"
Native to eastern
and southern Asia,
The tiger reaching up to three
point three meters in total length.
Weighing up to three hundred kilograms
Aside from their great bulk and power,
Their most recognizable feature
is a pattern of dark vertical stripes
Those overlays near-white
to reddish-orange fur,
with lighter underpants.
The most numerous tiger subspecies
is the Bengal tiger,
While the largest is the Siberian tiger
Tigers have a lifespan of
Ten to Fifteen years in the wild,
But can live longer
than twenty years in captivity.
They are highly adaptable…
From the Siberian taiga
To open grasslands
And tropical mangrove swamps.
They are territorial
and generally solitary animals,
Often requiring large
contiguous areas of habitat
that support their prey demands.
They are indigenous to some
of the more densely populated
places on earth,
That has caused significant
conflicts with humans.
Three of the nine subspecies
of modern tiger have gone extinct,
And the remaining six
are classified as endangered,
some critically so.
The primary direct causes
are habitat destruction,
fragmentation and hunting…
Tigers have existed
from Mesopotamia, Caucasus
throughout South and East Asia.
The range of the species
is reduced, while all surviving species
are under formal protection.
Poaching, habitat destruction
and inbreeding depression
continue to threaten the tigers.
Tigers are among the most recognizable
and popular of the world's
in ancient mythology and folklore,
and continue to be depicted
in modern films and literature.
Tigers appear on many flags,
coats of arms, as mascots
for sporting teams…
Tiger, the national animal
of several Asian nations,
The word "tiger" is taken
from the Greek word "Tigris",
Possibly derived from
a Persian source meaning "arrow",
A reference to the animal's speed
and also the origin
for the name of the Tigris river.
In American English,
"tigress" was first recorded in 1611.
The generic component
of its scientific designation,
Panthera tigris, is often presumed
to derive from Greek
pan - means("all") ther of ("beast"),
but this may be a folk etymology.
It came into English
through the classical languages,
Panthers is probably of Indian origin,
meaning "the yellowish animal",
Large Island inhabited
by tigers today is Sumatra.
Tigers vanished from Java and Bali
during the 20th century.
In Borneo they are known only
from fossil remains.
Compared to the lion,
the tiger prefers denser vegetation,
For which its camouflage coloring
is ideally suited…
Among the big cats,
only the tiger and jaguar
are strong swimmers…
Tigers are often found bathing in ponds,
lakes, and rivers.
Unlike other cats,
which tend to avoid water,
tigers actively seek it out.
During the extreme heat of the day,
they often cool off in pools.
Tigers are excellent swimmers,
able to swim up to four miles…
They can carry dead prey across lakes
Tigers are easy to recognise.
Like other big cats,
Tigers have a white spot
On the backs of their ears..
These spots, called ocelli,
Serve a social function,
The animal's mental state
To conspecifics in the gloom
Of dense forest…Or in tall grass...
“Animals are visible reflections of our souls”.
January 22 – 2011
Researched: by Zuzanna Musial
“From the oyster to the eagle, from the swine to the tiger, all animals are to be found in men and each of them exists in some man, sometimes several at the time. Animals are nothing but the portrayal of our virtues and vices made manifest to our eyes, the visible reflections of our souls. God displays them to us to give us food for thought.”
~Victor Hugo quotes (French romantic Poet, Novelist and Dramatist, 1802-1885)
Saturday, January 15, 2011
“Love Quotes and Love Sayings”
“It doesn’t take a reason to love someone, but it does to like someone. You don’t love someone because you want to; you love someone because you are destined too. It’s because you fall in Love with them, that you then try to find a reason, but you always come up with the answer, No reason!”
1. “Love starts with a smile, grows with a kiss and ends with a tear”
2. “The secret of love is seeking variety in your life together, and never letting routine chords dull the melody of your romance”
3. “What most people need to learn in life is how to love people and use things instead of using people and loving things”
4. ”Love has nothing to do with what you are expecting to get, its what you are expected to give — which is everything”
5. “If I could reach up and hold a star for every time you’ve made me smile, the entire evening sky would be in the palm of my hand”
6. “Love is like playing the piano. First you must learn to play by the rules, and then you must forget the rules and play from your heart”
7. “You don’t marry someone you can live with – you marry the person whom you cannot live without”
8. “It’s so funny how we set qualifications for the right person to love, while at the back of our minds we know that the person we truly love will always be an exception”
9. “You will know when you really love someone when you want him to be happy even if his or her happiness means you are not a part of it”
10. “Every step I took since the moment I could walk was a step towards finding you”
11. “Love? It’s kind of complicated, but I’ll tell you this… the second you’re willing to make yourself miserable to make someone else happy, that’s love right there”
12. “The most eloquent silence; that of two mouths meeting in a kiss”
13. “The rule of unconditional love; it is in the giving that you make the other person realize”
14. “Lucky is the man who is the first love of a woman, but luckier is the woman who is the last love of a man”
15. “There would come a time when we have to stop loving someone not because that person started hating us but because we found out that they’d be happier if we let them go”
16. “The spaces between our fingers were created so that another person’s fingers could fill them in”
17. “There are many things in life that will catch your eye, but only a few will catch your heart … pursue those”
18. “If you live to be a hundred, I want to live to be a hundred plus one day, so I never leave you alone”
19. “Wind is to fire like distance is to love; it extinguishes the small and enflames the great”
20.”If there is only one gift which I can give you, it will be the gift to see how others see you and you will know how special you are to them”
21.”Love does not consist in gazing at each other, but in looking outward in the same direction”
22.”The secret of love is seeking variety in your life together, and never letting routine chords dull the melody of your romance.”
23.“Love is not blind, it sees more not less; But because it sees more it chooses to see less”
- Unknown Author
Sunday, January 9, 2011
THE BALD EAGLE
The bald eagle it’s a pleasure to watch
The soaring eagle’s flight
Appears to be in slow motion
Its appearance is unmistakable
By its white head and white tail
set against the backdrop of its beautiful,
Plush, deep chocolate-colour body
Those eagles can be found thought out
Northern Mexico, Continental United States
also Alaska and Canada
The bald eagle was chosen June 20, 1782
As the emblem
Of the United States of America
Because of its long life,
a Great strength and a Majestic looks
In the 18th Century American settlers
Gave the bald eagle its name,
Thinking it was the same
As the Sea Eagle, the one found in Europe
like other birds,
The Eagle has been affected
By the widespread use of pesticides
But thanks to several states
Those have been breeding bald eagles
For the first time in years,
The efforts to revive
These majestic birds breeding
have been successful.
Bald Eagles can get up
To twenty nine to forty two inches long
Weigh seven to fifteen pounds
With a wing span of six to eight feet
Eagles can live around forty years in the wild,
And longer in captivity
Females are larger than males.
Bald Eagles residing in the northern U.S.A
are larger than those that reside in the south.
Bald Eagles live near large bodies
Of open water such as lakes,
Marshes, seacoasts and rivers,
Where there are plenty of fish to eat
And tall trees for nesting and roosting.
Bald Eagles feed primarily on fish,
But also eat small animals
Like ducks, coots, muskrats,
turtles, rabbits, snakes, etc..
Occasional carrion (dead animals)
They seldom dive vertically on their prey,
Preferring to descend more gradually
And snatch fish, rabbits, etc.
With their feet applying
Approximately one thousand pounds of pressure
Per square inch in each foot
They can carry about half their weight.
Their diving speed is estimated
At seventy five
To one hundred miles per hour
And around forty four miles
Per hour in level flight
They can fly to altitudes
Of ten thousand feet or more,
And can soar aloft for hours
Using natural wind currents
And thermal updrafts
Their keen eyesight
Allows them to spot fish
At distances up to one mile
Eagles swoop down to seize a fish
In their talons and carry it off…
Bald Eagle Scientific name is…
Meaning -’Sea eagle with a white head’
The Bald Eagle is the only One*
That is native to North America.
January - 2011
By Zuzanna Musial
2011© Zuzanna Musial